Tree hive stand

Free step-by-step tutorials to build the hive.
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A.K.
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Joined: 21 Nov 2017, 12:27

Tree hive stand

Post by A.K. » 06 Jun 2019, 21:38

The SmallHiveProject tree mount

The hive may be placed on conventional hive stands (e.g wooden design, concrete blocks, etc.).
Individual hive stands are preferable to communal stands and should be separated as widely as possible to favor bee health. A special attention should be given to the horizontal position of the hive to keep frames easily movable.

As an alternative, the author of this website designed a tree mount (plans are below):
  1. The tree mount is attached to the tree by wrapping the sailing rope around the stem.
  2. The hive is coupled to the tree mount by the two bolts protruding on the hive front and fixed with two wing nuts.
  3. The hive is adjusted horizontally by the means of a studding.
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The tree mount itself and necessary hive modifications are presented in the video below:



The tree mount allows for tree-based beekeeping at different heights, depending on which priority is being addressed. One can't go wrong by attaching the hive at chest-level (+/- 1.5 m). This position is perfect for easy and safe hive management without the need for additional equipment. However, a higher position of the hive would favor bees to live more in peaceful tranquillity while reducing the risk for you and others of getting stung.

First attempts have been made to install and manage the hive in greater height (+/- 3 m) by using a ladder equiped with a standoff. (see the video below).



Plans of the tree mount and hive modifications

Material:
  • wooden slat (width 45 mm, thickness 25 mm)
  • two bolts and wing nuts (6 mm x 60 mm)
  • ten screws (4 mm x 45 mm) and one screw (5 mm x 100 mm)
  • one studding (length 300 mm, diameter 8 mm) and corresponding screw-nut
  • 2.5 meter of sailing rope (diameter 6 mm, lifting capacity > 300 kg).
Equipment:
  • saw (hand or electric saw)
  • drilling machine
  • wood drill bits (diameters 3 mm, 7 mm and 8 mm)
  • screwdriver
A 3D Model of the tree mount to illustrate the plans:
https://sketchfab.com/models/8e3842ea01 ... nspector=0
Figure: 3D tree mount model (animation on click, external link).

1. Construction of the tree mount:
(1) The horizontal bar:
Wooden slat is cut to 350 mm length. Five holes (4 x 8 mm + 1 x 3 mm) are drilled according to the drawing.
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(2) The bar spacer:
Wooden slat is cut to obtain two identical pieces of 45 mm length. Both are screwed symmetrically on the 350 mm-piece according to the drawing. Pre-drilling (3 mm) avoids splitting of wood.
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(3) The vertical bar:
Wooden slat is tapered at one end from 25 mm thickness to 5 mm thickness (see drawing). The slat is then adjusted to 210 mm total length (60 mm slat + 150 mm taper). It is tightly attached to the narrow side of the 350 mm long slat by means of a screw (length 100 mm, diameter 5 mm).
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2. Hive Modification to make use of the tree mount:

(1) The mounting bolts:
Two holes (diameter 7 mm) are drilled according to the drawing (hive front, klick to enlarge). From the interior of the hive, a bolt is screwed through each of both holes to protrude on the hive front.
Image

(2) The frame holders:
Wooden slat is cut to obtain two identical pieces of 340 mm length. Both are screwed under the hive floor as illustrated below.
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(3) The facility for horizontal hive adjustment:
Wooden slat is cut to 80 mm length. It is perforated in longitudinal direction by using a 8 mm drill. A 300 mm long studding (diameter 8 mm) is sticked through the whole and a nut is screwed over.
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